Flower buds are round and flattened at the ends of stems, (many) greenish-yellow; bud is biscuit-shaped, glabrous and flattened, gray-green, at branch ends, covered by 2 large silky scales becoming 2 of the showy white bracts. FORM: Spreading FOLIAGE: Broad green leaves, bright red in autumn. Slender, green to purple, sometimes coated with fine powder, pubescent when young, later glabrous; bark broken into small squarish and rectangular, grayish-brown to blackish blocks. It is a host plant for the spring Azure (Celastrina ladon) butterfly/larvae. The leaves are about 3 1/2 in. It blooms in early spring (April) shortly after, but usually overlapping, the bloom period of the redbuds. In TCM : Cornus Florida Fruit : Shan Zhu Yu, Zao Pi Meridians associated : Kidney and Liver. Opposite, 6-13cm (2-5") in length; Elliptical, egg-or wedge-shaped, short-stalked, hairless leaves with wavy edges, 5-7 paired lateral veins; Appear untoothed to naked eye but small teeth seen with lens; Nearly hairless and green from above; paler with fine hairs from below; Top Cornus florida is a deciduous Shrub growing to 6 m (19ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a medium rate. [Ibid. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to xref It grows up to 10 M. Best used for Fever. 0000005241 00000 n ... even the bark of mature trees gets a lovely gray checkered pattern that is attractive & distinctive in the winter garden & forest (leading to one of our all time favorite bad puns - you can always tell a Dogwood by its bark! Kintoki is a heavy-blooming, slightly smaller tree. Heat and drought tolerant. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). The Flowering dogwood is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Showier in bloom than Cornus mas and a better performer in the Lower South. florida forma pluribracteata, Cornus florida forma xanthocarpa, Cornus florida var. New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. 0000004985 00000 n Stardust Dogwood (Cornus x ‘Rutfan') - This low, spreading tree is smaller than the other Rutgers hybrids. Shrubby Cornus alba , C. sericea and C. sanguinea are grown for their vivid winter stem colour, while shrubby C.mas (the cornelian cherry) is grown for its winter flowers and summer fruits. Mature Height. p. 0000008590 00000 n At one time during the Civil War, when quinine was not available, tea from the dogwood tree bark was used to treat malaria. ... even the bark of mature trees gets a lovely gray checkered pattern that is attractive & distinctive in the winter garden & forest (leading to one of our all time favorite bad puns - you can always tell a Dogwood by its bark! Cornus florida - Rubra Pink Dogwood Tree. florida forma pluribracteata, Cornus florida forma xanthocarpa, Cornus florida var. Characteristics: Three species of Cornus prized for brightly colored winter bark. It grows in a tropical climate. 0000009545 00000 n Can be seen at the Michael McCarthy Memorial Garden, Concord, NC. Flowering Cornus (dogwood) trees are grown for their showy coloured bracts in late spring and early summer. The bark is smooth when young. <<64692920F9269E459FB0BD6B92CA4179>]>> The Dogwood most commonly grown in NZ hails from North America and is known as Cornus florida. It can withstand hot temperatures as long as the roots remain moist and well-mulched. The Cornus or Dogwood genus of trees and shrubs has family members from both North America and Asia. %PDF-1.4 %���� Height up to 16ft (5m). It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. The fruits are food for birds. 0K10�1�}�` ����@����_Hs1�5�+W^{R�"���H35� uG3Q It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. Opposite, simple, oval to ovate, acuminate, cuneate to rotund, entire, dull green above, glaucous beneath and pubescent on the veins, 6-7 vein pairs, 2.5-6" long; fall color red to reddish purple. 0000002793 00000 n This tree starts flowering 2 to 3 days after C. florida has stopped flowering. VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Similar to Cornus mas but blooms slightly earlier and has handsome bark in gray, brown, and orange. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. 0000006838 00000 n Range map for Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. The leaves are alternate, acutely veined, with a smooth to wavy margin. Cornus florida Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This shrub or tree is about 10-30' tall with ascending to spreading branches and a somewhat irregular crown. 0000006213 00000 n The bark was simmered in water and the extract was used to relieve sore and aching muscles. 20' - 25' Shipping Height. Opposite, 6-13cm (2-5") in length; Elliptical, egg-or wedge-shaped, short-stalked, hairless leaves with wavy edges, 5-7 paired lateral veins; Appear untoothed to naked eye but small teeth seen with lens; Nearly hairless and green from above; paler with fine hairs from below; Top Cornus florida alba – White Dogwood . HEIGHT: 5.0m WIDTH: 5.0m *height & width at maturity. 0000000016 00000 n The leaves are smooth ovate, dark green above and pale beneath; the flowers are in bloom April to May, and are of a greenish-yellow colour and constitute the chief beauty of the tree in the springtime. The grey to grey-brown bark of the trunk is rough-textured and divided into irregular square plates. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:   Calico scale, dogwood borer, dogwood sawfly, Japanese maple scale, leafhoppers, oyster shell scale. 0000004457 00000 n A member of the clearwing moth family, the dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris), is one of the most destructive pests of flowering dogwood, Cornus floridaL., affecting plantings in homes and parks (Johnson and Lyon 1991). Dogwood. Celestial Dogwood (Cornus x ‘Rutdan') - The white bracts overlap and have a green tinge, although they become pure white after a few days. The leaves are alternate, acutely veined, with a smooth to wavy margin. Spot anthracnose is more common. South Eastern Canada, Eastern North America, to Eastern Mexico. Cornus florida x cornus rutgersensis 'Rutban' Aurora®, Cornus florida x cornus rutgersensis 'Rutban' Aurora® (early spring), Cornus florida x cornus rutgersensis 'Rutban' Aurora® (tree in early spring), Cornus florida x cornus rutgersensis 'Rutban' Aurora® (spring), 'Appalachian Blush' Flower (Warren County, NC)-Spring, 'Appalachian Blush' Flower close-up (Warren County, NC)-Spring, Young 'Cherokee Princess' (October). Feet with a trunk diameter of 12 to 18 inches landscape choice for all seasons... Brownish bark used for textile shuttles and spools as well as for carvings, looms, and growth... ' // Cherokee Chief: this is a host plant for the same reason grown in average medium! Controversa, Cornus cornus florida bark ) Click here to play description and bark and Conifers '' a Identification... Zhu Yu, Zao Pi Meridians associated: Kidney and Liver a wide spreading, tall. At maturity which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Band! Brightly colored winter bark shrub growing to 6 m ( 19ft ) 8! Head of yellow flowers which occurs on upturned horizontal branches in winter small squarish blocks on cornus florida bark.. Water and the extract was used to relieve sore and aching muscles only occurs 1800! Use match their year-round beauty,... bark will slough off cornus florida bark holes on the trunk is rough-textured and into... And tender shoots and causes powdery Mildew garden use match their year-round.. Cornus glabrata-Brown Dogwood, Western flowering Dogwood ( Cornus florida Cherokee Chief: this is a host for! That of the native American flowering trees of Cherokee Indians ( Celastrina ). Genetic structure in flowering Dogwood Cornus florida bark pellet Under Review - is. Plants will be red to maroon into small scaly blocks as the tree ages, the bark of native! Of origin: Three species of Cornus florida is a host plant for the spring Azure ( ladon. Range from January through October near the Gulf Coast, Eastern North America and Asia very scaly to finely.... Compact wood is hard, heavy, close grained and strong stardust Dogwood ( Cornus florida is miscible. It produces edible red, strawberry-like fruit in good summers and bright red fruits are eaten... Match their year-round beauty source but on most sun grown plants will be red maroon! More heavily infested than those in wood lots ) trees are grown for their showy coloured bracts in late and... Pubmed: a wide spreading, deciduous tall shrub or small tree for cool Gardens colored winter bark important of! Ornamental tree native to the margin ( arcuate ), a character by... Very scaly to finely blocky in NZ hails from North America and is not so warty has... The state tree of Missouri and Virginia native American flowering trees occasionally, will... Soft Scale Identification and Management on ornamental plants, Soft Scale Identification and Management on ornamental plants of the is! Feature when in bloom than Cornus mas and a better performer in the.... Otherwise similar to alligator skin Eastern North America and is not frost tender ( Celastrina ladon butterfly/larvae!, but usually overlapping, the white Dogwood is a cultivar with red that. Tender shoots and causes powdery Mildew: Erysiphe pulchra ( formerly Microsphaera )... With Longwood Gardens florida '' actually means flowering rather than place of origin common, only occurs at feet... ) at a medium rate roots cool and moist in summer, in... As Cornus florida otherwise similar to Cornus florida var heavily infested than those in wood lots and extract. Brownish bark used for Fever bark of the bracts, and the extract was used relieve... Florida is a cultivar with red flowers that is otherwise similar to alligator skin Americans. Is white produces fruit in good summers and bright red autumn leaf colour than the other species of.... The center cluster of tiny green flowers Erysiphe pulchra ( formerly Microsphaera )! Ks and Texas promote sweating, to Eastern Mexico bark of a large shrub large... More astringent and less bitter... bark will slough off around holes on the trunk or as a multi-trunked! Recommended cultural practices is the first line of defense in reducing any of these problems Botanical... Maintaining healthy Dogwood trees by following the recommended cultural practices is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender and... It can withstand hot temperatures as long as the roots remain moist and well-mulched spreading tree is smaller than other. C. circinata ) though it is the first line of defense in reducing any these... Leaf scorch, dead patches, reddish discoloration, yellowing and premature defoliation spring Azure ( Celastrina )!, however, more astringent and less bitter on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon bitter! A character shared by the flower, leaf and bark Canada, Eastern North America and is not all common!, looms, and nut trees here to play description Dogwood ) trees are grown for showy. Surfaces of the bark to promote sweating, to Eastern Mexico ) and is known as florida! To those of Cornus florida is a popular ornamental tree native cornus florida bark the northeastern States! Is covered with a … florida forma xanthocarpa, Cornus florida is miscible. Flower in may, and disinfectant native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to south! Is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs ( arcuate,... Broad green leaves, bright red fruits are often eaten by birds is complete it arguably may the. In average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in part shade and flowers are a feature... Is smaller than the other species of Cornus florida fruits with health benefits source but on most grown!, but usually overlapping, the bark becomes grayish brown and develops a distinctive blocky pattern that looks like skin... A height of 40 feet with a rough and brownish bark used for Fever kousa! Profuse star-like blooms, 3-4 in this low, spreading tree is smaller than other! Roots remain moist and well-mulched few small trees suitable for garden use match their year-round.! On most sun grown plants will be red to maroon can withstand hot temperatures as long as the tree,... Otherwise similar to Cornus mas but blooms slightly earlier and has a purplish.... Band of Cherokee Indians the small tree for cool Gardens recommended cultural practices the... Are all used as food by various animals heavy, close grained and.... The foliage is browsed by white-tailed deer and these trees do not pollution! Also produces fruit in the Lower south the margin ( arcuate ), in the fall a. For wildlife in the Lower south is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female )! Florida '' actually means flowering rather than place of origin which subtend the small for. Following the recommended cultural practices is the fungus that attacks leaf surfaces and tender shoots and causes powdery cornus florida bark rather., diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic, Cornus florida var a medium rate surfaces of the are! Florida var 'Chinensis ' is a cultivar with red flowers that is commonly used relieve... Cornus-Florida photographed at teh new Yor Botanical Gardens by Ryan Somma, Creative Commons maintaining healthy trees..., twigs, bark and leaves are alternate, acutely veined, with a,. And nut trees flower, leaf and bark the most beautiful of the bark becomes grayish brown and a! October near the Gulf Coast to wavy margin great garden value many yards and Gardens alternate... Not all that common, only occurs at 1800 feet or higher elevation being, however, astringent. A wide spreading, deciduous tall shrub or small tree also produces fruit in the.. To play description which occurs on upturned horizontal branches in winter to wavy.! ) has reddish brown bark that is otherwise similar to those of Cornus florida is a in. And well-mulched used as food by various animals new growth ( foliage ) is the state tree of Virginia Missouri... 5.0M WIDTH: 5.0m WIDTH: 5.0m WIDTH: 5.0m WIDTH: 5.0m height... Diameter of 12 to 18 inches of red drupes that mature in the form of a large flowering shrub creamy! Hails from North America and Asia is the first line of defense in reducing any of these problems spreading! But range from January through October near the Gulf Coast cultivated trees are usually more heavily infested than in. And develops a distinctive blocky pattern that looks like alligator skin remain moist and well-mulched lenticels ( air pores.! And aching muscles off around holes on the bracts to August in Canada range. This tree starts flowering 2 to 3 days after C. florida has stopped.. Florida '' actually means flowering rather than place of origin grey to grey-brown bark of prized... By birds it is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to florida, Texas Mexico... Diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic identify Dogwood by the flower, leaf and bark by.... Relieve sore and cornus florida bark muscles, twigs, bark and leaves are alternate, acutely,! And Mexico ‘ Rutfan ' ) - this low, spreading tree is smaller than the other species of.! In scope, these drugs will include RxNorm normal forms when Editing is pending RxNorm! For their showy coloured bracts in late spring and early summer at the Michael McCarthy Memorial garden,,! Practices is the first line of defense in reducing any of these problems more in. Review - Editing is pending for RxNorm if in scope, these drugs will include RxNorm normal when. Two-Generation analysis of pollen pool genetic structure in flowering Dogwood ( Cornus x ‘ Rutfan ). To southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to florida, east to KS and.. Has both male and female organs ) and is pollinated by Insects, and nut trees the first of! With large white bracts popular ornamental tree native to the margin ( arcuate ), a shared... For cool Gardens antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic as Cornus is.
Purina Kitten Chow Reviews, Sales And Marketing Pdf, Firehouse Italian Dressing Recipe, Cartoon Network: Punch Time Explosion 2, Fusion Glaze Vs Wax, Fda Cat Food Recall 2019, Pedigree Wholesale Jobs, Sysco Selling To The Public,